Studies for Young People
In the Book of Hebrews
Theme: Stay Focused
Lesson 9: The Law and the New Covenant in Hebrews 8 – 10
Chapter 08: The Confirmation of Melchisedec & The Reasons for the Covenant Promise Chapter 09: Why the New Covenant is better than the Old Covenant Chapter 10: Sacrifices of the Law are Ineffective but the Sacrifice of Jesus is Effective
Hebrews was written to encourage the Jews to not turn back to the Old Testament religion or Judaism. List the Lessons studied thus far.Lesson 1: Focus on Him for He should be the Center of Your Life Lesson 2: Focus on Him because He is worthy – All Hail the King of Kings Lesson 3: Focus on Him because He died for you Lesson 4: Focus on Him & Don’t turn from God by hardening your heart Lesson 5: Focus on Him for He gives 2 supernatural resources – the bible & prayer Lesson 6: Focus on Him for He is the Source of our Supernatural Resources Lesson 7: Focus on Him for There is danger in backsliding Lesson 8: Focus on Him for Melchisedec, the King & Priest, is Revealed Now, Lesson 09 is going to deal with the law and the New Covenant.
- The Confirmation of Melchisedec
- The Reasons for the Covenant Promise
- Why the New Covenant is Better than the Old Covenant
- Sacrifices of the Law are Ineffective but the Sacrifice of Jesus is Effective
First in Hebrews 8: 1 – 4, we find the Confirmation of Melchisedec.
Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum:
We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
- We have such an high priest seated on the right hand of God in heaven.
- We have a minister of the sanctuary, of the true tabernacle, and not of man.
- This man has somewhat to offer for he is not of the earth or He would not be a priest because there are priests that offer gifts according to the law and this man is not of the law. Therefore if Melchisedec would have been of the earth, he would not have been a priest of the most high God for earthly priest offer gifts according to the law.
Second in Hebrews 8: 5 – 13 we find the reasons for the Covenant Promise that was made to Israel and its purpose.
The earthly priest and tabernacle were a shadow and pattern of heavenly things and spoke of a heavenly promise.
Heb 8:5 Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
He hath obtained a more excellent ministry for a Better Covenant.
Heb 8:6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Because the Old Covenant was imperfect, the need for a Better Covenant to come out of Judah was fulfilled.
Heb 8:7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. Heb 8:8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
Because they continued not in my covenant
Heb 8:9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people.
Heb 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: Heb 8:11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. Heb 8:12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. Heb 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
Hebrews 8 closes telling us that Jesus made the first covenant old which decayed and waxed old and vanished away.
The Third point found in Hebrews 9 answers the question of why the New Covenant was better than the Old Covenant.
Hebrews 9: 1 – 10 gives a brief summary of the Old Covenant ordinances and sanctuary as mere types that had to be preformed daily and yearly.
Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:
The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
Hebrews 9: 11 – 15 tells us that the heavenly eternal sanctuary and the sacrifice of the New Covenant is an eternal redemption made once for all.
But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Hebrews 9: 16 – 22 states the reason for the Old Testament sacrifices.
For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.
And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
Hebrews 9: 23 – 28 states the reason Christ sealed the New Testament Covenant with his own blood once for all.
It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
Questions and Answers:
1. What were the 5 reasons given in Hebrews 8 for the Covenant of Promise to Israel?
Answer: (Look at the reading above to find the list.)
Questions 2 – 10 are found in Hebrews 9.
2. Who were the only people aloud to offer sacrifices and enter the Holy of Holies?
Answer: the priests could offer sacrifices and the high priest entered the Holy of Holies
3. How often did the priests go into the outer room of the tabernacle?
Answer: The Levite priests went into the first room of the tabernacle daily to perform ceremonial cleansing.
4. How often did the high priest go into the inner room of the tabernacle, the Holy of Holies?
Answer: He entered through the veil of the inner room of the tabernacle one day a year, the Day of Atonement, when he offered a blood sacrifice.
5. Whose sins did he offer first and whose sins did he offer second?
Answer: His first because if he didn’t the Lord would kill him and then the people’s
6. Why did he have to do this every year?
Answer: This was a temporary arrangement and had to be repeated year after year because the veil and man were imperfect. The veil had to be repaired over the years and man was sinful; therefore the cry for sacrifice for sin was continual. The veil served as a wall of separation between God and man that reminded the Jews that God was not approachable but testified that one day the Mediator, veil or flesh, of Christ between God and man would come and shed his blood and offer it as a once for all sacrifice and tear down the wall of separation so that all men could come to God boldly before the throne of grace.
7. How is Christ our High Priest?
Answer: He became the sacrifice for us, entered into the Holy Place, and offered his blood on the mercy-seat of Heaven for our sins.
8. How many times did Christ have to die for our sins?
Answer: Once for all
9. What makes Christ blood acceptable for our sins?
Answer: He was the sinless spotless lamb.
10. How do we know that Christ’s sacrifice is complete?
Answer: Found in verses 26 and 28, He put away sin by the sacrifice of himself once to bear the sins of many unto them that look for him.
We need to stay focused on Christ because he shed his blood, died, rose again, and offered his blood for us and because of him doing this for us we have eternal life through him. What better covenant do you need? We can live the confident Christian life because of what he has done and because we want to thank him and serve him for what he has done for us.
Fourth in Hebrews 10 we find the Sacrifices of the Law are Ineffective but the Sacrifice of Jesus is Effective. Therefore, the Hebrew writer gave them some things to remember and some responsibilities to be kept.
REMEMBER THE LAW REMINDS YOU OF YOUR SINS FOR THEY ARE NEVER TAKEN AWAY BUT COVERED FOR A YEAR.
For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
a. For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
b. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
REMEMBER THAT HE FORGIVES AND FORGETS; THEREFORE WE HAVE ACCESS TO THE THRONE OF GRACE THROUGH JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD
REMEMBER THROUGH THE LAW YOU DIDN’T
Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure. Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God. Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law; Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God.
a. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
b. And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
c. But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.
d. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
We do not have to offer sacrifice or confess our same sins over and over again. Just as he paid the once for all sacrifice for sin; he also forgave and forgives us of repented sin once forever and never to be remember or brought up before us again. And because he forgives and forgets we then have access to come boldly to throne of grace through the blood of Jesus Christ and make our petitions known without animals or earthly high priest as the old testament did.
REMEMBER WHO YOUR FAMILY IS.
Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.
If we are children of God we should never forget what Jesus has done for us, for Jesus Christ did for us what the law could not do. We all deserve to die and go hell; but God who is rich in power and mercy showed his great love toward us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us.
REMEMBER WE HAVE SOME RESPONSIBILITIES.
Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; And having an high priest over the house of God;
a. Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.
b. Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)
c. And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
- We have a responsibility to draw near to God in the spirit of truth and faith and sins are to be confessed and cleansed.
- We have a responsibility to maintain trust and confidence in the blood of Jesus Christ to keep us.
- We have the responsibility to be concerned with one another and encourage one another to love others and do good works.
- We have the responsibility to not forsake the assembling of ourselves together to exhort one another and encourage one another for you will get discouraged if you begin to think that you are the only one or that no one else cares. He said also to do it even more as you see the end draw near.
REMEMBER THE WARNING OF WILLFUL SIN.
For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.
a. He that despised Moses’ law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:
b. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
c. For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
d. It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
REMEMBER THAT WE HAVE HOPE OF SALVATION, REWARD, AND A BETTER DAY IN AND THROUGH JESUS CHRIST. DON’T TURN BACK; DON’T QUIT NOW.
But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions; Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.
a. For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance. Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.
b. For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise. For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.
c. Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul.
We should stay focused on him and live the Christian life in confidence and faith through Jesus Christ for we have some responsibilities and some great promises to remember.
- List the seven things God’s Children need to remember.
- List the four responsibilities God’s Children should do.